There are three steps to publishing your won electronic book. Firstly, you must create the text. Next, the text should be converted into electronic book format. Finally, the electronic book should be distributed. The first step is by far the most difficult, but involves the same technology you already deal with every day. Any word processor will do, but the ideal medium to work with is an HTML editor. Superficially, this is because all electronic book converters are HTML-ready, while only a few are Microsoft Word-savvy (and none work with other word processing programs). More importantly, however, the principles of good hyperlinks underlie the design of a good electronic book. Making a web page from a long text document is best done by splitting the document into digestible chunks, and creating hyperlinks between them. Otherwise, the result is a frustrating amount of scrolling when reading the web version. The problems of scrolling are further magnified in electronic books, as handheld computers have limited screen space.
Having designed the set of web pages that constitute the book, the next step is to convert them into a single document – an electronic book. So far, there are many players in this market, each with competing formats. This is unfortunate, but it does not mean that you have to commit to one format. As mentioned above, all the software vendors depend on HTML. Furthermore the conversion process takes minutes (and can be automated) meaning that you can easily publish your document for any and all formats. Simply drag the web pages into the window of the conversion program, and press the publish button.
There are four major players in the market to choose from: Adobe, Microsoft, MobiPocket and Palm. It is not yet clear who the winner will be. Palm, through its acquisition of PeanutPress, has the highest earnings from book sales. However even these earnings were only just over $11 million last year, meaning the market is in its infancy. Adobe’s Acrobat reader has an installed user base of 140 million worldwide. However the vast majority of these are on PCs, and Adobe’s handheld computer reader software has yet to gain acceptance due to its usability. The Microsoft Reader is the default reader in Pocket PCs, and Windows XP, giving it a growing user base. However this still excludes a lot of customers including the 70% of handheld computer owners that use a Palm-powered device.
For many, however, the most attractive solution may well be MobiPocket. A small and innovative French company, it is expanding at a rate that has surprised its competitors. Firstly, it makes its reader software freely available for all handheld computing platforms. No other company matches this yet. Furthermore its publishing software is free for personal use. Upgrading to the Standard or Professional versions allows faster and more powerful document creation.
For these reasons, we choose MobiPocket to deploy Medical Approaches.
The final step in the publishing your electronic book is distribution. If you don?t want to encrypt your document, then distribution is easy. Post it on a website, email it to colleagues, or place it on disks. For most cases, this is the ideal easy and affordable solution.
If you would like to sell the book, or at least control its distribution, then encryption is necessary. Encryption costs money either in the form of an expensive software suite or licensing fees. Thus it?s usually reserved for commercial texts. In addition the encryption allows quite a sophisticated degree of control, including restricting the book to a single handheld computer, and blocking all attempts to copy it to another computer. The block is in place even if the other computer is owned by the same user who paid for the book. This policy has proved controversial, with most users resenting the restrictions. In the USA, such issues are being debated in, where else, the courts.
It will take time to resolve the issues of competing multiple formats and intellectual copyright controversy. But it is already possible to make good use of the technology to make specialised medical texts available to all. So, the next time someone discusses making their lecture, paper or textbook available to students or colleagues – think of using electronic book technology.
Published in issue 35 of Biomedical Informatics Today (BMiT)
in the Spring of 2002. BMiT is the official newsletter of the